Resolutions and Position Papers

Resolutions and Position Papers

Position Papers


A position paper is a breakdown of your country's position on the given topics. Writing a position paper will help you organise your ideas so that you can share your country’s position with the rest of the committee. Position papers help significantly to organise your research and prepare your speeches.


The deadline for submitting your position paper will be released at a later date. Your position paper need only be a page long and must include your country's position on all the topics to be discussed within your committee.


To submit your position paper, you must email it to the chair of your commission at BIGMUN 2018. Their email address can be found on the Committees and Topics page, found here.


NB Delegates in the Crisis Committee do not write a position paper, as the topic is announced at the start of the conference.


An excellent position paper will include:

  • A brief introduction to your country and its history concerning the topic and committee;
  • How the issue affects your country;
  • Your country’s policies with respect to the issue and your country’s justification for these policies;
  • Quotes from your country’s leaders about the issue;
  • Statistics to back up your country’s position on the issue;
  • Actions taken by your government with regard to the issue;
  • Conventions and resolutions that your country has signed or ratified;
  • UN actions that your country supported or opposed;
  • What your country believes should be done to address the issue;
  • What your country would like to accomplish in the committee’s resolution;
  • How the positions of other countries affect your country’s position.


Example of a position paper by Delegate of the Syrian Arab Republic (BIGMUN 2016): Click here


Example of a position paper by Delegate of France (BIGMUN 2015): Click here


NB These are merely suggestions as to what you can research and place in your position paper in order to be adequately prepared for the conference and debate.


If you need help getting started on your research, look at some of the links on our resources page, found here.




A resolution is the summary of what a nation aims to do, to solve any conflict in question, and those are discussed for the entirity of BIGMUN. Therefore, it is necessary that the resolutions discussed follow standardized format, in order to streamline debate. Below, is everything you should know about resolutions, before and during BIGMUN 2018.


It is recommended that every delegate show up to the conference, with at least one resolution in hand.


Please refer to the "Programme", and you will see that special "lobbying time" is allocated to committees, primarily at the start of the conference. During lobbying time you are expected to walk around the committee, introducing your resolution to other nations, in the hopes that they will be co-submitters on your resolution. It must be underlined that, just because a delegate co-submits a resolution does not, mean that they have to be in favour of it - but that they wish to simply discuss the resolution in question.


After having found at least seven nations willing to co-submit a resolution, the main submitter must approach the residing student officer, who will then briefly read the resolution, and if it is satisfactory, allow the main submitter to go to the Approval Panel.


The Approval Panel checks that the resolution conforms to the standardized format, and otherwise corrects mistakes in spelling or formatting, and then you are ready to debate. Below, you will see a sample of a resolution, which explains how to structure and word your document.


When creating a resolution, there are special terms that you need to keep in mind. These are the preambulatory phrases, which are not numbered, but are in italics, and operative phrases, which are numbered, and underlined (but not in italics). The preambulatory and operative phrases, are the only words allowed to start a clause. Below you will see examples of each:

Operative clauses

Preambulatory clauses




Alarmed by




Aware of


Bearing in mind



Calls upon









Deeply concerned

Declares accordingly

Deeply conscious


Deeply convinced


Deeply disturbed


Deeply regretting

Draws the attention







Expressing its appreciation

Expresses its appreciation

Expressing its satisfaction

Expresses its hope


Further invites

Fully alarmed

Further proclaims

Fully aware

Further reminds

Fully believing

Further recommends

Further deploring

Further requests

Further recalling

Further resolves

Guided by

Has resolved

Having adopted


Having considered


Having considered further


Having devoted attention


Having examined


Having heard


Having received


Having studied

Solemnly affirms

Keeping in mind

Strongly condemns

Noting with regret


Noting with deep concern

Takes note of

Noting with satisfaction


Noting further


Noting with approval



Preambulatory clauses serve the purpose, of being an "introduction" to a resolution, setting the context for why the main submitter wishes to combat the issue.


Operative clauses, on the other hand, are the "meat" of the resolution, and clearly specify what what the main submitter aims to do.


Please note that the words in bold are only for use by the Security Council and Crisis Committee. This further extends to all operative clauses, which have the word "strongly", in them.


Finally, keep in mind, that all delegates in the special committees (which are UNICEF, HRC, SC, and CC) cannot singlehandedly make a resolution, but should come with operative clauses in hand.


Example of a resolution on Euthanasia: Click here


Peace consolidation in Afghanistan and Libya: Click here


Example of a resolution by Delegate of The United States (BIGMUN 2016): Click here




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